Brief History of Sri Lanka
This country had no name in the first but in 5th century BCE some people were banned from India by their king and they have come to this country. Then they came to know by seeing the soil on the coast was Brown color and they named this as ‘’THAMBA-PANNI’’. The Reason was in their language ‘’thamba’’ was for brown color. Then they established in here and married to each other in this country. In 2nd century BCE ‘’Arhat Mahinda’’ son of king Ashoka (Indian emperor) arrived in Sri Lanka and introduced ‘’Buddhism’’. That was the turning point for every change in this country. Since then this country existed as a Buddhist country. Then lady monk ‘’Sangamitta’’ (arhat Mahinda’s sister) came to Sri Lanka. She brought a branch of the Bo (Asatu) tree under which ‘’Lord Buddha’’ came to that position. Specialty on her arrival was 18 technicians came with her with different abilities like carpenters, black smiths, masons, architectures, etc. Then Sri Lanka started to create a different independent culture without harming nature, and they have done it.
According to latest discoveries ‘’Balangoda man’’ has lived in Sri Lanka before 35000 years. There is 2500 years written history like Mahawamsa, Chulawamsa, Dipawamsa. All these things show there has been a great civilization and technology in Sri Lanka. In Sri Lanka, there are no natural lakes or tanks all of them are man-made to store water for dry seasons. One of our king in Polonnaruwa kingdom (King Maha Parakramabahu) has said ‘’we should not let any rain water drop to stream to sea without using’’. So Sri Lanka has more than 10000 s of lakes. Most of them are in Anuradhapura and Polonnaruwa area (because those areas are the driest and cultivable). These lakes shows the magnificence of Irrigation in sri lanka.
Main Exports: Tea, Coffee, Coconut & Rubber
When British were leaving Sri Lanka main export was tea, coconut and rubber. Coconuts have a long history in this country, it goes to 5th century A.D… Though tea and rubber came to Sri Lanka as strangers they dominated the economy of this island and Sri Lanka became the largest and the best tea producer in the world.
Sri Lanka was invaded by Portuguese, Dutch and British. In Dutch people’s time in Sri Lanka coffee was introduced. But that was not for earning just as a beverage. After British came to Sri Lanka they started to cultivate coffee in large scale to export. Unfortunately, coffee cultivations got sick and had to stop coffee industry. Then British needed a crop to cultivate in this island because they knew Sri Lanka is a good soil for cultivations. In the mean time they started to plant rubber and it was successful. First rubber plant was planted in Henerathgoda Botanical Garden in Gampaha, until the last decade it was there, now only the root of that tree is left. Planting rubber was successful but it was not fast earning. That is the time tea was introduced (1824) to Sri Lanka and planted the first tea plant in Royal Botanical Gardens at Peradeniya. This plant was very suitable for Sri Lanka’s high lands. Climate was perfect to produce the best tea in the world. Nuwara Eliya became the heart of tea industry.
Sri Lankan Spices
Spices island, Sri Lanka is well known with this name. Because the best spices are produced in this small island. Spices are useful for many things in many ways. For cooking, for medicine, for making costumes. Cinnamon is the main spice which is endemic for Sri Lanka. And Sri Lanka is the main cinnamon producer in the world, and 90% pure cinnamon producer in the world. Sri Lankan pepper also very famous it’s quality. Other spices are cadomon, clove, lemmon grass, Nutmeg and mace, ginger, curry leaves, turmeric and vanilla.
Top Destinations in Sri Lanka
Anuradhapura is one of the ancient cities of Sri Lanka, famous for its well-preserved ruins of ancient civilizations Lanka. From the 4th century BC, it was the capital of Sri Lanka until the beginning of the 11th century e. Kr … During this period remained one of the most stable and durable centers of political power and urban life in South Asia.
The old city, considered sacred to the Buddhist world, is today surrounded by monasteries covering an area of over sixteen square miles (40 square kilometers). Anuradhapura is also important in Hindu legend as the capital of the legendary Asura king Ravana in the Ramayana.
Arugam Bay (Surfing)
Arugam Bay is a bay on the Indian Ocean in the dry zone of the southeast coast of Sri Lanka. The bay is 320 km (200 miles) east of Colombo, about 4 km (2.5 miles) south of the town of Pottuvil. The largest settlement in the region, locally known as Ullae is predominantly Muslim, but there are substantial Tamil and Sinhala communities’ south of the village, and some international migrants, mainly from Europe and Australia. Although traditional fishing, which dominates the local economy, rapidly in recent years in the region, tourism is growing. Tourism in Arugam Bay is dominated by surf tourism, thanks to a series of quality breaks in the region, but tourists are also attracted by the local beaches, lagoons, historic temples and the nearby National Park of Kumana.
The Arugam Bay area is home to some high quality surf breaks, the most popular of the Main Point is located in the South Bay. This is a right hand point of break with a rock / breaking of the bottom and has a plurality of sections with distant drums. Other breaks include Whiskey Point and Pottuvil Point in the north, and Elephant Rock, Peanut Farm and Okanda in the south. These breaks have a steady stream of international tourists attracted for decades. Arugam Bay has a good local surf scene and home to some of the most talented surfers in Sri Lanka and national competitions dominated in recent years, Arugam Bay surfers.  In the middle of 2010, organized by the Association of Surfing Professionals surfing his first international competition at bay. The winner of the Australian Julian Wilson . ASP repeated his round of competition in 2011 added a competition for women in the long championship board of the men in Arugam Bay.
Adams Peak is 7,359 ft (2,243 m) tall conical mountain located in Central Province Sri Lanka. It is known for Sri Pada “sacred footprint,” a 1.8 m rock formation near the summit. The mountain is usually scaled from December to May. In the remaining months, it is hard to climb the mountain because of strong rain, extreme wind and dense fog.For Buddhists, the label of the Buddha’s left foot is left behind when the Buddha visits Sri Lanka, as a symbol of worship at the invitation of the Buddhist god Saman. Tamil Hindus look at the footprint of Lord Shiva. It is legendary as the Mountain is the legendary Mount Trikuta capital of Ravana in Ramayana when he ruled Lanka. Muslims and Christians in Sri Lanka, where Adam, the first ancestor, was the foot when he was expelled from the Garden of Eden. Adam’s legends are the idea that Sri Lanka was the original Eden, and in the Islamic tradition that Adam was 30 feet high.The Arugam Bay area is home to some high quality surf breaks, the most popular of the Main Point is located in the South Bay.
This is a right hand point of break with a rock / breaking of the bottom and has a plurality of sections with distant drums. Other breaks include Whiskey Point and Pottuvil Point in the north, and Elephant Rock, Peanut Farm and Okanda in the south. These breaks have a steady stream of international tourists attracted for decades. Arugam Bay has a good local surf scene and home to some of the most talented surfers in Sri Lanka and national competitions dominated in recent years, Arugam Bay surfers.  In the middle of 2010, organized by the Association of Surfing Professionals surfing his first international competition at bay. The winner of the Australian Julian Wilson . ASP repeated his round of competition in 2011 added a competition for women in the long championship board of the men in Arugam Bay.
Batticaloa is a city in the Eastern province of Sri Lanka. It is the seat of the Eastern University of Sri Lanka. It is on the east coast, 69 miles south by south east of Trincomalee, and is situated on an island.
A coastal town of Sri Lanka famous for its golden beaches, Bentota is situated on the south coast of the tip Galle District in the south of the province. The town is a popular tourist attraction. Particularly renowned are the foreign tourists. The name comes from a mythical story which dates back to the time when the kings, a demon called Bem ruled this river (tota = river) Bentota hosts a handful of the world proclaimed hotels, it is the host country for the famous Sri Lankan goldsmith Aida Bentota is also famous for its production in Toddy, an alcoholic drink made from coconut nectar. The population of the city is estimated at 25,000 to 50,000.
Beruwela is a small seaside town on the southwestern coast of Sri Lanka. Beruwela The name is derived from the Sinhalese words Beruwela (the point at which the sail is lowered). It marks the place of the first Muslim settlement on the island by Arab merchants around the 8th-century.
A large part of the population of Sri Lanka moors, many of them are gemstone traders, are still living in particular city – In “China Fort.” Msjid-ul-Abrar, a landmark of the oldest mosque Beruwela Sri Lanka built by Arab traders on a rocky peninsula overlooking the city.
Bundala National Park
Located fifteen kilometers east of Hambantota Bundala National Park is one of the main destinations in Sri Lanka for birdwatchers and protects a large area of wetlands known for its aquatic bird life (and others). The park also hosts large populations of elephants, Marsh & estuarine crocodiles, turtles and other wildlife, including leopards.
On the east coast of Hambantota, the Bundala National Park is ideal for instant gratification: In a four-hour jeep ride we can see elephants, 8ft Crocs, watch giant squirrels and see flamingos. Afternoon safari in the dry season (December to May), visitors have the best chance to see wildlife.
The name “Colombo,” introduced in 1505 by the Portuguese, is said to be derived from the Sinhalese name Kolon classic Thota “port on the river Kelani.” It was also suggested that the name could be derived from the Sinhalese name, Kola-amba Thota, which means “Port which has green leafy mango trees.” Because of its large port and its strategic location along the east-west sea trade routes, Colombo was known before by the old dealer 2,000 years.
But it was only in the capital of the island, when Sri Lanka was ceded to the British Empire in 1815, and its status as capital was captured when the nation was in 1948. In 1978 became independent when the functions administration was moved, To Sri Jayewardenepura, Colombo was designated as commercial capital of Sri Lanka
The main attractions of the city are the largest and best-preserved temple of cave in Sri Lanka and Rangiri Dambulla International Stadium, famous for finished construction in 167 days. The city also has the largest chain of rose quartz mountain in South Asia, and the Iron wood forest, or Namal Uyana.
Ibbankatuwa prehistoric cemetery near the cave temple complex Dhambulla nearly discovered archaeological site is a great historical significance in Dambulla 3 km away from Cave temples. It attests the presence of indigenous civilizations long before the advent of Indian influence in the island state.
You could find Sri Lanka here in Ella. It is 200 km (120 miles) east of Colombo and is located at an altitude of 1,041 meters (3,415 feet) above the level of the sea. This small town is the base for many trekking expeditions the surrounding countryside. This attractive town is filled with some of the most beautiful views, so you could see southern plains through mountains in Ella. Ella is rich with bio diversity, comprises with many types of flora and fauna.
Here you can Visit;
- Dhowa temple (2,000-year-old rock temple)
- Bambaragala Peak
- Ella Rock
- Little Adam’s Peak
- Nine arch bridge, Demodara
- Rawana Ella falls
Galle is a city at the southwestern tip of Sri Lanka, 119 km from Colombo. Galle was known as Gimhathiththa for the arrival of the Portuguese in the 16th century when it was the main port of the island. Galle reaches the height of its development in the 18th century, the Dutch colonial period. The main river is Gin Gin Ganga River which starts from Gongala Kanda and pass villages like Neluwa, Nagoda, Baddegama, Thelikada, Wakwella coast and the sea to Ginthota.
Hambantota is an ancient and rural town in Sri Lanka the capital of Hambantota district. It is being developed very fastly since the biginning of last decade. Sri Lanka’s second international airport and an international port situated in this tropical town.
If you are asked, where is the best tourist attraction in Sri Lanka…? the answer is Hikka (Hikkaduwa). Because hikkaduwa is filled with a lot of natural resources and her beauty has attracted so many local and foreign visitors throughout the year. For surfers Hikka has the second best surfing beach. Night life in hikka is awesome, so funny, like Las Vegas. Other main attraction in hikka is Hikkaduwa Coral Sanctuary which have approximately seventy varieties of multi-colored corals.
Horton Plains, its environment, forests and the contiguous Peak Wilderness contains Sri Lanka’s most important catchment area of almost all major rivers. The plains are also of outstanding scenic beauty and conservation importance, containing most of the habitats and endemic plants and animal’s representative of the country’s wet and Montane zones. The Climate of Horton Plains is that of a wet Montane forest.
The average annual temperature of 14-16⁰ Centigrade while the humidity is relatively low at 65%. The vegetation of the park is classified into two distinctive groups, 2,000 hectares (7.7 sq mi) of wet grasslands and 1,160 hectares (4.5 sq mi) of subtropical montane evergreen forests. The vertebrate fauna of the region includes 24 species of mammals, 87 species of birds, nine species of reptiles and eight species of amphibians. The Sri Lankan elephant disappeared from the region in the 1940s at the latest. At present, the largest and the most commonly seen animal is the sambar deer.
Capital of Northern province. Early past this city was called as “Yalpanam”. This city is located in a peninsula, Jaffna district. Majority of people are sri lankan Tamils. This city is surrounded by many cultural differences influenced by Hinduism, Buddhism and Christianity because Portuguese and Dutch used Jaffna as a fort.
An outstanding tourist destination with golden beaches. There are many guest houses, resorts and star hotels can be found in kalkudah.
Canoe trips down the river, leisurely boat rides up the lagoon,4WD jeep rides along the deserted sand dunes between the lagoon and the ocean, watching colorful sunsets, watching Blue whales and dolphins, only place for all these things is Kalpitiya. This is the most developing tourist destination recently.
Capital of the central province. Kandy is the most sacred city for Buddhists where the temple of tooth relic is situated. And this city had been declared as a world heritage because of its importance. Tourists love to shop and walk along streets in Kandy. Many star hotels and guest houses available in here as well delicious food. There are many things to do in Kandy. Following places are the most attractive for visitors.
- Temple of tooth relic
- Royal botanical garden
- Hanthana mountain range
In addition to that annual perahara is the most outstanding function in Kandy in July and August where the all traditional dancing’s can be seen.
This is the town any tourist sees at first. Bandaranaike International Air Port the main airport is situated in this city. Katunayaka is the main and the best trade processing zone since 1977 after open economy introduced in Sri Lanka. 22 km away from the capital of Colombo and it takes only 10 minutes to Colombo through express way along the lagoon with nice views.
Kithulgala is a small town on the road between Colombo and nuwara eliya. This town is treated by 2 monsoons annually hence kithulgala has been one of the wettest zone in Sri Lanka. The Academy award winning movie The Bridge on the River Kwai also have been shot in kithulgala area. Most of tourists come here for water rafting because Kelany river (one of the main river in Sri Lanka) is flowing through kithulgala. Rafters can find every stages of rafting in Kelani river near kithulgala. As well food and accommodations.
Located in central of this small island. This mountain range have a shape of knuckles of a fist that’s why it got this name. Knuckles mountain range is rich with different kind of flora and fauna. This area is the best and the most popular for hiking and camping.
One of the driest city in Sri Lanka. Portuguese and Dutch have occupied this city for military purposes.
Matara belongs historically to the area known as Ruhana, one of the Three Kingdoms in Sri Lanka (Thun Sinhalaya). The first Indians who came to the island settled in the area, on the banks of the Nilwala river. Matara was ruled by the Sinhalese kings of thousands of years, and it appears from the temples and shrines in the ancient temple built to Dondra (Devinuwara) and Weherahena.
In every time when there is an invade this matara area was the safe place for natives. The temple in the center of the city is also built by the old kings and now it is a very popular place among the Buddhist sacred region.
Minneriya is famous for two things one is for the huge lake made by late King Mahasen. Other one is wildlife sanctuary which is a hot spot for safari lovers because of the abandons of Elephants. Minneriya small town is located close to habarana where we have luxury and economical resorts and guesthouses. And Anuradapura and Polonnaruwa ancient cities also situated close to minneriya.
This city is located about 37 km to the north from Colombo. Approximately 7km away from Katunayaka Bandaranaike International Airport. Main income in this city is tourism and fish industry. Negombo is filled with all-star type hotels resorts and guest houses. Many of tourists rest their first day in this city and in the final day they come here to see the sunset for the last time in Sri Lanka.
Nilaveli is a coastal suburb of Trincomalee District with golden beaches. This is a famous tourist destination situated on east coast of Sri Lanka. There are many luxury and economical resorts can be found in Nilaveli. This is a place to see the sunrise. Number of tourists coming to Nilaveli was declined after 2004 Tsunami disaster and due to civil war. After eradicating LTTE organization there is no issue in Nilaveli at all.
This town was made by English located about 1868 m (6,128 ft.) above the MSL being the highest and the coolest town in Sri Lanka. N’Eliya was founded in 1846 by a British ruler named Samuel Baker to accommodate British civil servants and local tea Planters. Average temperature in this town about 16 Celsius. Buildings constructed in colonial period such as Queen’s Cottage, General’s House, Grand Hotel, Hill Club, St Andrew’s Hotel and Town Post Office are still functioning properly. Horton Plains also located in Nuwara Eliya town area. This town is called as Little England.
Pinnawala well comes all elephant lovers all around the world. World’s largest elephant herd in human custody is in Pinnawala. This elephant orphanage was established in 1975 to adopt and feed baby elephants found in jungles near wipaththu national park. Then time to time this was moved to some places and finally located in Pinnawala village. There are around 100 elephants including baby’s and tusker’s elephants.
Polonnaruwa (Pulathisipura) was the second capital in Sri Lanka from 1070 C.E. to 1310 C.E… king Wijayabahu 1 made this city as his kingdom defeating chola invaders. And he started a huge network of irrigation system knowing water is the main thing to survive. Following him, all rulers came to power in Polonnaruwa Kingdom improved the irrigation system. All rulers in this kingdom did a huge dedication to protect Buddhism. There are huge temples and status made out of stone still can be seen in this city. Old Polonnaruwa city has been declared as a world heritage in 1982 because of its importance.
World heritage site, Sigiriya is the most attractive site in Sri Lanka. This is called as the 8th wonder in the world. This is a rock fortress has been made on a 400 ft. high rock. Other famous thing in Sigiriya rock are paintings (frescoes) which are very close to Ajanta paintings in India. This is a main tourist destination with many high luxury resorts and economical resorts. Check out things to do in Sigiriya.
Sinharaja forest reserve is a wet zone national park in Sri Lanka, and a biodiversity hotspot. This forest is only 21 km from east to west and 7 km from north to south, because of the dense vegetation, wild animals cannot be seen easily like in dry zone national parks. This is the main rain forest in country. Wild lovers visit here to see the beauty of nature.
Described as the most natural and beautiful beach in Sri Lanka. And this is one of the best location for scuba diving surfing and sea food. Whole Unawatuna village is based on tourism and everywhere you can see tourists than locals.
Trincomalee is the capital of trincomalee district located in east coast of Sri Lanka close to Nilaveli.
Wilpattu National Park
One of the oldest and largest national park in Sri Lanka is wilpatthu, located to the northwest of the island. This national park consists of sixty lakes and mainly Elephants Deer’s and Leopards.
Yala National Park
The largest national park in this country spread around 979 km2. Famous for Leopards and elephants.